Types Of Grinding Machines And Functions – Grinding machine is one of the tools that have an important role in a job. The function of the grinding machine is to cut objects, sharpen objects, form patterns, and finish. In this article will be explained about the types of grinding machines and their functions.
Grinding machines have various types according to their function. For example, if you are going to cut iron, you must use a grinding machine and iron cutter grinding eyes. Do not get it wrong in its use, because it can be fatal to the safety of work.
Well, to find out what are the types of grinding machines, the following will be given information about 7 types of grinding machines and their functions.
Types Of Grinding Machines And Functions
1. Hand Grinding Machine
Hand grinding machine is a type of multi-functional or versatile grinding machine. Because it can be used for a variety of jobs, such as to cut iron, wood, glass, building materials, and can also be used to polish the car body.
This grinding machine has a working system where the drive motor is passed from the crank to the grinding wheel through the gear transmission which is then forwarded to rotate the grinding stone. The type of grinding stone on this type of grinding machine can be replaced according to its use.
2. Bench Grinder
Bench grinder is a type of grinding machine used to sharpen or sharpen relatively small objects, such as drill bits, lathe chisels, hand chisels, serap chisels, and other tools that require sharpening. Bench grinders are usually installed by being fastened with bolts on the workbench to facilitate its use.
The bench grinder has two cranks that can be mounted with different grinding stones. On the left is usually installed a type of coarse grinding stone, while on the right is installed a type of fine grinding stone. The purpose of the installation of two types of grinding stones so that this grinding machine can be used for two functions at once, namely as a cutter and sharpener.
3. Straight Gerinder
Straight grinding machine are often referred to as elektric die grinders. This grinding machine has a function to grind work objects that have a flat surface plane. The way it operates is that the workpiece is clamped on a table that can be moved straight and back and forth automatically or with hand movements. Meanwhile, the grinding wheel can be moved transversely on the table and moved up and down.
4. Floor Stand Grinder
Floor standing grinding machine is a type of grinding machine attached to a foot that is high enough to be easier to use. This grinding machine is also often called a floor grinding machine, because the way it is placed directly on the floor.
5. Surface Grinding Machine
Surface grinding machine is a type of grinding machine that uses grinding technique refers to the manufacture of flat shapes and uneven surfaces on a workpiece placed under a rotating grinding stone. Meanwhile, the workpiece is gripped by being tied to a magnetic box.
In general, this surface grinding machine is used to grind the surface of an object to produce a flat surface. In this machine, the desk where the workpiece can move horizontally and back and forth and can be passed manually or automatically.
Based on its axis, surface grinding machine is divided into 4 types, namely:
a. Horizontal Spindle Reciprocating Table
Horizontal spindle reciprocating table with the direction of movement of the table back and forth. Grinding machines of this type are used for grinding workpieces that have a flat and angular surface.
b. Horizontal Spindle Rotating Table
Horizontal spindle rotating table with the direction of movement of the rotating table. Grinding machines of this type are used for grinding objects with a flat surface of the shaft.
c. Vertical Spindle Reciprocating Table
Vertical spindle reciprocating table with the direction of movement of the table back and forth. Grinding machines of this type are used for grinding workpieces that have a flat, wide and angular surface.
d. Vertical Spindle Rotating Table
Vertical spindle rotating table with the direction of the rotating table. This kind of grinding machine has the same function as a horizontal flat grinding machine with alternating table direction.
6. Cylindrical Grinding Machine
Cylindrical or cylindrical grinding machine is a type of grinding machine that can work on cylindrical objects. Examples of workpieces that can be grinded with this type of grinding machine are bearings, spindles of machines, sleeves, shafts or axles, test bars, and so on.
Based on its use, cylindrical grinding machines are divided into 4 types, namely:
a. Internal Cylindrical Grinding Machine
It is a type of grinding machine that is used to grind objects that have a diameter in the form of cylindrical and tapered.
b. External Cylindrical Grinding Machine
It is a type of grinding machine that has the function of grinding the outer diameter surface on the workpiece in the form of cylindrical and tapered.
c. Cylindrical Grinding Machine Centerless
It is a type of grinding machine that is used to grind the outer diameter of the workpiece in large quantities, both long and short workpieces.
d. Universal Cylindrical Grinding Machine
It is the most perfect type among other cylindrical grinding machines, because it is able to grind the outer diameter and inner diameter of the workpiece in the form of cylinders and tapers.
7. Cutting Grinding Machine
Cutting grinding machine is a grinding machine that is only used to do precision work, namely to sharpen or sharpen various types of cutting tools, such as drill bits, lathe chisels, chisels and others. Sslaian, this type of grinding machine is also used to smooth out the finishing stage on the workpiece in the form of cylinders, surfaces, tapers, and internals that highlight accuracy.