Kinds of Grinding Machine and Their Functions – Grinding machine are machines used for cutting, smoothing and for finishing on metal work. Grinding machine has several kinds and functions of different. In this discussion will be explained about the various grinding machines and their respective functions.
As a multifunctional tool in a job, we need to know the kinds of grinding machine. For example when going to cut iron, then we have to use the appropriate grinding machine. So there is no mistake in the work that can result in a work accident.
Kinds of Grinding Machine and Their Functions
Based on the way of operation and the results of grinding, grinding machines are grouped into several kinds, including:
1. Hand Grinding Machine
Hand grinding machine is a multifunctional or versatile grinding machine. Hand grinding machine can be used for a wide variety of jobs, such as for cutting iron, wood, glass, building materials, and can also be used to polish the car body.
The working system of the hand grinding machine is a rotating grinding disc and erodes the surface of objects. This type of grinding machine has a variety of grinding discs with different pliers function. Therefore, if you want to use it, choose the right grinding disc according to the work.
2. Bench Grinder Machine
Bench grinder machine is a grinding machine used to sharpen relatively small objects, such as drill rods, chisels, and other tool tools that require sharpening. Bench grinder machine is usually installed by means of bolts tied to the workbench to facilitate its use.
Bench grinder machine has two cranks that can be mounted with different grinding discs. On the left is usually installed a type of rough grinding disc, while on the right is mounted a type of fine grinding disc. The purpose of installing two different types of discs is to be used for two functions, namely as a cutter and sharpener. For cutting using a rough grinding disc, while for penjaman use a fine grinding disc.
3. Straight Grinder
Straight grinder is often referred to as elektric die grinder. This grinding machine has a function to grind workpieces that have a flat surface plane. The way of operation is that objects are clamped on a table that can be moved straight and back and forth automatically or by hand gestures. Meanwhile, the grinding wheel can be moved transversely on the table and moved up and down.
4. Floor Stand Grinder
Floor stand grinder is a grinding machine attached to a floor that is high enough to be easier to use. This grinding machine is also often referred to as a floor grinding machine, because of the way it is placed directly on the floor.
5. Surface Grinding Machine
Surface grinding machine is a grinding machine that uses grinding techniques refers to the manufacture of flat shapes and uneven surfaces on an object placed under a rotating grinding disc. In its use, objects are gripped by being tied to a magnetic box.
In general, surface grinding machine is used to grind the surface of an object to produce a flat surface. On this machine, the table where objects can move horizontally and back and forth and can be passed manually or automatically. Based on the axis, surface grinding machine is divided into 4 types, namely:
a. Horizontal Spindle Reciprocating Table
Surface grinding machine horizontally with horizontal spindle reciprocating table. This type of grinding machine is used to grind objects that have a flat surface and cornering.
b. Horizontal Spindle Rotating Table
Surface grinding machine with horizontal spindle rotating table. This type of grinding machine is used to grind objects with a flat surface of the shaft.
c. Vertical Spindle Reciprocating Table
Surface grinding machine with vertical spindle reciprocating table. This type of grinding machine is used to grind objects that have a flat surface, width and angle.
d. Vertical Spindle Rotating Table
Surface grinding machine with vertical spindle rotating table. This type of grinding machine has the same function as surface grinding machine with vertical spindle reciprocating table.
6. Cylindrical Grinding Machine
Cylindrical grinding machine is a grinding machine used to work on cylindrical objects. Examples of objects that can be grinded with this grinding machine are bearings, spindles, sleeves, shafts and others as such. Based on its use, cylindrical grinding machine is divided into 4 types, namely:
a. Inside Cylindrical Grinding Machine
It is a type of grinding machine used to grind objects that have a diameter in the form of cylindrical and tapered.
b. Outside Cylindrical Grinding Machine
Is a type of grinding machine that has the function to grind the surface of the outer diameter of cylindrical and tapered objects.
c. Outside Cylindrical Grinding Machine Without Flashlight
It is a type of grinding machine used to grind the outer diameter of objects with a large number, both long and short objects.
d. Universal Cylindrical Grinding Machine
It is the most perfect type among cylindrical grinding machines, because it is able to grind the outer diameter and inner diameter of cylindrical and tapered objects.
7. Cutting Tool Grinding Machine
Cutting tool grinding machine is a grinding machine that is only used to do precision work, namely to sharpen various types of cutting tools, such as drill rods, chisels and others. This grinding machine is also used to smooth the finishing stage on cylindrical, surface, taper, and internal objects.
Such is the discussion of the kinds of grinding machine and their respective functions. Hopefully useful.
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